Sleep is essential for every human, we all need to sleep for at least eight hours to refresh the body and mind, it is a way how our body and brain recharges itself at the end of the day. Lack of sleep leads to poor performance, difficulty concentrating, forgetfulness and fatigue.
What Is Insomnia?
Insomnia alsoknown as sleeplessness, is the inability to fall asleep or stay asleep. This lack of proper sleep leaves the individual tired, gloomy and irritable with day time sleepiness. Insomnia may last for days, weeks, or even months.
The causes of insomnia are many, such as unhealthy sleeping habits (sleeping often in the day time, spending time using electronic devices over the night or consuming caffeine in the night), taking substances like antidepressants, drugs for blood pressure, drugs for asthma and decongestants.
Others can be due to some medical conditions like sinusitis, arthritis, hyperthyroidism, restless leg syndrome, in these cases its best to make an appointment with the doctor to help combat these underlying problems.
Another reason for sleeplessness can be psychological, depression is commonly associated with insomnia, sleeplessness worsens depression therefore it is very important to identify the symptoms and signs, those depressed show symptoms like lack of interest, low energy, tiredness and feeling sad all the time. If these signs are seen its best to consult best bulk billing psychologists across Perth and address the problem.
Anxiety is another reason why some may suffer from insomnia anxiety is constant fear, nervousness and worrying and ones especially presenting with these symptoms are more likely to have insomnia; being tensed at all time, constantly thinking of the past, thinking so often about the future and being burdened with responsibilities. Even these causes can be treated if one takes the initiative to seek help and improve themselves.
Our body has a rhythm based on which it functions, accordingly body is conditioned to sleep atnight and stay awake in the morning,disrupting this cycle by sleeping often in the afternoon or working overnight can cause difficulty in sleeping.
Almost all these conditions can be treated, it lies in identifying the underlying cause and addressing them, for example treating hyperthyroidism or getting help for depression or avoiding certain things.
Insomnia can be to an extent be helped by making some lifestyle changes if the reason is not medical conditions,
One such step would be to avoid caffeine; caffeine is a stimulant that keeps the brain up and alert.
Avoiding consumption of alcohol- though alcohol may aid in sleeping it will cause problems with sleep later on.
Avoid having large meals before bedtime- eating too much can make digestion difficult often accompanied with regurgitation that makes sleeping difficult, the best thing is to have something light before going to bed.
Do not exercise in the night, listen to some calm music and relax your mind.
Having a wash before going to bed- cooling of the body helps a person to drift off to sleep quite faster.
Avoid using any electronic devices in the night, make sure you stop using it at least one hour before bed.
Switch off the lights because melatonin, the sleep hormone is secreted in the dark and after lying in bed if you find it difficult to sleep take few deep breaths at least for a minute, and continue doing so if you need more.